Video surveillance is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place on a limited set of monitors.
The government of Ghana through the Ministry of National Security has commenced the installation of closed-circuit television cameras across the country as part of efforts to enhance the security and safety of citizens.
This comes after the government promised in 2019 to procure and deploy over 8,000 closed-circuit television cameras to resource the police service through digitization of its information systems and also help fight crimes effectively.
Surveillance of the public using closed-circuit television (CCTV) is common in many areas across the world.
In recent years, the use of body-worn video cameras has been introduced as a new form of surveillance.
The United Nations recommends one police officer for every 450 citizens, but Ghana has a ratio of one to 1,200.
Kenya has one for every 1,150 and Tanzania one for every 1,298.
The United Kingdom is known for its use of CCTV cameras in crime detection and follows up.
In 2009, 95% of Scotland yard murder cases used CCTV footage as evidence.
Driving through some major cities in the country, the security cameras are seen mounted at various traffic intersections, border posts, key national installations and some major road network with a central monitoring center in Accra, Tamale and Kumasi.
The three centers will monitor all 16 regions in the country.
Modern surveillance camera technology can allow dispatch personnel to view crime in progress via a live feed and this helps the police to have access to accurate information about what is unfolding before they even arrive.
Rather than arresting somebody doing something inappropriate, surveillance cameras keep them from doing it altogether.
That is why security cameras are placed in prominent locations and feature signs that draw attention to them.
Checks by AdoaTV’s Naa Anyema Collison in some communities like Mamprobi, chockor, Dansoman, Accra high street and its environs reveals that most communicators have seen the cameras but have no knowledge on what it does and why it’s there.
Others also understand that it is there to monitor the activities within their communities.
Story by Naa Anyema Collison