Ghana’s economy grew by 6.5% in 2019, according to revised estimates by the Ghana Statistical Service.
This is against 6.3% and 8.1% Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 208 and 2017, respectively.
For non-oil GDP, the economy grew by 5.8% GDP.
According to the GSS, GDP per capita income increased from GHS10,150 in 2018 to GHS11,541 in 2019.
But in dollar term, the per capita income reduced by US$2 from US$2,214 in 2018 to US$2,212 in 2019.
From the measurement of the economy, the Services sector recorded the highest growth rate of 7.6%, followed by Industry with 6.4% and Agriculture, 4.6%.
Importantly, the services sector remains the largest sector of the economy. Its share of GDP increased from 46.3% in 2018 to 47.2% in 2019.
The sector’s GDP growth rate increased from 2.7% in 2018 to 7.6% in 2019 and contributed 2.8 percentage points (43.4%) to the 2019 annual growth rate of 6.5%.
Two of the sub-sectors in this sector contributed more than 5% to the 2019 annual growth rates. These are the Information and Communication with a growth rate of 46.5% and a contribution of 1.0 percentage points (15.7%) to annual growth and the Trade; Repair of Vehicles, Household Goods sub-sector (3.7%) which contributed 0.4 percentage point to annual GDP growth.
The Industry sector contributed 2.4 percentage points (37.5%) to 2019 annual GDP growth rate, though its share of GDP at basic prices increased by 0.2% from 34.0% in 2018 to 34.2% in 2019.
The main driver of 2019 GDP growth was the Mining and Quarrying subsector, with a growth rate of 12.6% and contribution to the growth of 2.0 percentage points (31.2%).
There was, however, contraction in the Construction (-4.4%) and Water and Sewerage, Waste Management & Remediation Activities (-4.4%).
On the other hand, the agriculture sector grew by 4.6% in 2019 compared to a growth rate of 4.8 per cent in 2018.
Its share of GDP declined from 19.7% in 2018 to 18.5% in 2019.
The crops sector is the third-largest activity in Ghana with a share of 13.8% of GDP and contributed 0.7 percentage points to 2019 annual GDP growth.
The forestry and logging sub-sector contracted (-1.7%) having recorded 2.4% in 2018
Story by Naa Anyema Collison